- Almost all parts of the plant: root, bark, gum, leaf, fruit (pods), flowers, seeds and seed oil, have been used to treat various diseases, like skin infections, swelling, anaemia, asthma, bronchitis, diarrhoea, headache, joint pain, rheumatism, gout, diarrhoea, heart problems, fevers, digestive disorders, wounds, diabetes, conjunctivitis, haemorrhoids, goitre, earache, measles and smallpox in the indigenous system of medicine.
- Moringa oleifera leaf is a rich source of minerals, such as calcium, potassium, zinc, magnesium, iron, phosphorus and copper.
- The leaves are noted for high levels of β-carotene and provide more vitamin A than carrots and pumpkin.
- The different parts of Moringa oleifera are good sources of glucosinolates, flavonoids and phenolic acids.
- The differnt parts of this plant has analgesic, diuretic, antihypertensive, antispasmodic, antitumor, anticancer, antiulcer, cholesterol lowering effect, hepato protective, and hypoglycemic effect and also effective in skin and mucosal diseases.
In India, T. arjuna is about 60–80 feet in height. It’s buttressed trunk and horizontally spreading crown and drooping branches are distributed in India, Burma, Mauritius and Sri Lanka. Arjuna is distributed throughout sub Indo-Himalayan tracts of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Deccan, South Bihar, Orissa, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh mainly along riverside, rivulets and ponds.